Poland Sequence

Poland Sequence is a congenital error in the development of the chest wall and upper limb that results in an abnormally developed chest region.

Poland Sequence results in the following to varying degrees of severity:

  • The partial or complete absence of the pectoralis major muscle
  • Absence of other muscles associated with the shoulder girdle
  • Asymmetry in breast and nipple position
  • Finger anomalies




The goal of Poland sequence surgery is to restore the missing anatomy (Pectoralis) on the chest wall. This can achieved with custom-made implants or the patient’s own tissue.



The procedure will be illustrated in detail and you will be given a detailed instruction sheet on expected post-operative course and potential complications during your consultation with Dr Zain ul Abidin or Dr Asma Ilyas.

It is recommended that you are a stable weight for at least 3-6 months to obtain the best possible results.

It is advised to stop smoking at least 6 weeks before and after surgery.


Contact Us